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Tanzania

The United Republic of Tanzania (the largest country in East Africa, including the islands of Zanzibar and Pemba) came into existence in 1964, three years after gaining independence from Britain. Although it shares many characteristics with Kenya (particularly with the Swahili culture and language), it does not have the same ethnic mix and following independence developed along more socialist lines than Kenya. Possibly for that reason Tanzania did not experience the growth in industry that Kenya enjoyed, although in recent years it has made up much ground on its northern neighbour. Tanzania's game parks however are - if anything - even better known than Kenya’s. The Serengeti National Park and Ngorongoro Conservation Area are truly world renowned, as is Africa's highest peak, Mount Kilimanjaro. All of these highlights are within easy reach of Nairobi, attracting many tourists and earning Tanzania much needed foreign exchange.

Serengeti National Park
This phenomenal National Park, created to preserve the path of the world’s largest migration circuit, covers nearly 15,000 square kilometres. The name Serengeti comes from the Masai name meaning ‘endless plains’, and these rolling distances of short grass plains provide an exceptional landscape for wildlife viewing; it is ultimate safari country.

This land is justifiably famous for its huge concentrations of wildlife, especially the big cats, as well as being the stomping ground of the Great Migration, a massive accumulation of 1.5 million wildebeest, 200,000 zebras and 350,000 gazelles stretching their legs over 1,200 miles in an annual race to find enough water and green grass for their survival.

Ngorongoro Crater
The Ngorongoro Crater is often called ‘Africa’s Eden’ and the ‘8th Natural Wonder of the World,’ and a definite world-class attraction. Within the crater rim, large herds of zebra and wildebeest graze nearby while sleeping lions laze in the sun. At dawn, the endangered black rhino return to the thick cover of the crater forests after grazing on dew-laden grass in the morning mist. Just outside the crater’s ridge, tall Masai herd their cattle and goats over green pastures through the highland slopes, living alongside the wildlife as they have for centuries

Ngorongoro Conservation Area includes its eponymous famous crater, Olduvai Gorge, and huge expanses of highland plains, scrub bush, and forests that cover approximately 8300 square kilometres. A protected area, only indigenous tribes such as the Masai are allowed to live within its borders.

Kilimanjaro
At 5895m, Mount Kilimanjaro is Africa's highest peak, rising above the East African plains. It is also the highest free-standing mountain in the world and one of the highest peaks you can scale without technical expertise. As a high altitude mountain close to the equator, Kilimanjaro kicks up plenty of surprises. Few other treks in the world offer rainforests with primates and game, alpine pastures, high moolands of giant eerie plantlife and snow fields at the summit.


When to travel:
Tanzania can be visited year round and the climate varies considerably considering depending on where you are. When asking when the best time to travel is, this will greatly depend on what you want to experience. Generally the main rainy season (long rains) last during March, April & May. This consists of an afternoon tropical downpour – they get heavier the closer you are to the coast and on the islands. The humidity during these months is high and temperatures are in the low 30s. The second rainy season is in November and December and this is considered the ‘short’ rainy season, as the rain is much lighter and less frequent.
The dry season is from June – October.

Wildebeest Migration:
The migration is linked to the amount the rainfall and is fairly predictable as the Wildebeest are looking for fresh water and grazing opportunities. The migration happens year around - it will depend on where you look! They say the best time to be in the Serengeti for the migration is between November and August but you need to be in the right place at the right time to really get into the action of it all.

Getting there and away Dar es Salaam, situated on the coast and a stone’s throw from the island of Zanzibar is the nation’s main gateway. Emirates offer daily flights to Dar es Salaam from their Dubai hub were it is possible to connect onto the Emirates Global Network.

Tours that visit Tanzania:

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